What is CRISPR?

deoxyribonucleic-acidCRISPR is said to be “an easy, cheap, and very precise way to edit the DNA of living cells”. It’s said to to be a “game-changer” in genetic engineering. CRISPR is an acronym that stands for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeat. CRISPR technology allows geneticists and other researchers the ability to edit parts of a genome by replacing DNA in a sequence. CRISPR and gene editing have many possible applications besides rewriting human genes. It has been used to alter the genes of animals and to engineer plant and human cells.

CRISPR works alongside Cas9. CRISPR and Cas9 come from the natural way bacteria protects itself from viruses. Scientists or researchers simply have to give Cas9 the DNA sequence, called a guide RNA, to edit or delete. Cas9 is an enzyme that can cuts DNA where CRISPR has directed it to.

Genetically modifying plants, animals, and even humans are all possibilities of  CRISPR.

If you would like to have CRISPR research or testing performed, submit a laboratory test request, or call 1-855-377-6821.